Over half of the total populace has dandruff, and that is over 3.6 billion individuals. In the event that you are one of them, these cures should help.

Dandruff is a typical, constant skin condition that is described by a flaky scalp. There are a ton of clinical and industrially accessible items that can help treat gentle dandruff. Be that as it may, genuine instances of dandruff need particular cured shampoos or physician recommended medications to treat a hidden skin problem.

Much of the time, dandruff can be controlled. Yet, before beginning treatment, you should know about what causes dandruff. In this post, we will examine the causes, indications, and normal treatment techniques to oversee dandruff.

What Causes Dandruff?

Dandruff is a commonly observed skin condition of the scalp. Here are a few of the causes of dandruff:

  • Oily Skin

This is one of the more normal reasons for dandruff. It is described by an aggravation of the skin, i.e., redness of the skin, secured with drops or scales. This condition typically influences zones wealthy in oil organs. Now and again, it might be brought about by a multiplication of Malassezia. Dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis may likewise be an aftereffect of a nutrient inadequate (nutrients B6 and B12) diet.

  • Malassezia

Malassezia is a types of yeast-like growth that can cause contamination and skin irritation. This can make skin cells dry and flaky, subsequently expanding the presence of dandruff.

  • Dry Skin

This is the most clear reason for dandruff. Dry skin makes pieces structure that in the long run become dandruff. Commonly, these chips are more modest and less slick than those brought about by different ways.

Dandruff can likewise be a sign of a fundamental skin condition. In such cases, you should go for guaranteed treatment. Let us talk about the indications of dandruff.

Signs Of Dandruff

Dandruff can show itself in various structures. Ordinarily, dandruff shows up as dry drops on your scalp and temple. These drops can happen on your eyebrows and the whiskers and mustache of men.

Dandruff can make your scalp irritated and give your skin a layered and dried up appearance. In newborn children, this condition accepts structure as ‘support cap,’ which is the presence of a dry and hard scalp and brow.

In the following segment, we will talk about the clinical treatment choices for dandruff.

Medical Treatment Of Dandruff

There are a lot of commercially available medical options that can help treat dandruff. There are broadly three categories of such products that can be used to treat flaky skin. These include:

  • Antifungal Agents: These agents help eliminate any fungal infection on your scalp or forehead that gives rise to dandruff or flaky skin. Typically, antifungal agents contain zinc pyrithione and selenium sulfide, which can help eliminate fungal infection proliferated by Malassezia furfur yeast.
  • Flake-removing Agents: These agents exhibit keratolytic activity through which corneocytes (clumps of flaky skin) are loosened and washed away. Agents like salicylic acid and sulfur may be used for this purpose.
  • Anti-inflammatory Agents: Topical steroids that are available on prescription, like corticosteroids (such as desonide hydrogel 0.05%) can have an anti-inflammatory effect on the infection causing seborrheic dermatitisand help reduce the flaky appearance of the skin.

If you notice these signs, it is time to start treatment. While medical treatments can help, home remedies can offer additional relief.

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Natural Ways To Minimize Dandruff

1.Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil h antifungal properties (8). It can be used topically on your skin or scalp to mitigate any fungal infection that leads to flaky skin and dandruff.

You Will Need
  • 2-3 drops of tea tree oil
  • 2-3 drops of sweet almond or jojoba oil
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix a few drops of tea tree oil with sweet almond or jojoba oil.
  2. Dab a few drops of this mixture on a cotton pad and apply it to the scalp.
How Often You Should Do This

Repeat 3-4 times a week.

Note: Tea tree oil can cause skin irritation in some people. Hence, do a patch test. Avoid this remedy if you are allergic to it.

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2. Coconut Oil

Coconut oil may combat fungal infections that can cause Malassezia (9). This, in turn, may reduce the occurrence of dandruff and flaky skin.

You Will Need

2 tablespoons of coconut oil

What You Have To Do
  1. Massage the coconut oil into your scalp.
  2. Leave it on for about an hour before you wash it off with a mild shampoo.
How Often You Should Do This

Repeat this 2 times a week.

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3. Onion Juice

Research has shown that onions are rich in phytochemical compounds that can help combat dandruff. Their topical application can help eliminate the flaking of skin and reduce the occurrence of dandruff .

You Will Need
  • ½ onion
What You Have To Do
  1. Blend an onion to extract its juice.
  2. Strain it and apply generously to your scalp.
  3. Leave it on for an hour and wash it off.
How Often You Should Do This

You can apply this juice to your scalp 2 times a week.

4. Aloe Vera

Aloe vera is a rich source of bioactive compounds that can be used to treat skin disorders. Extracts of aloe vera exhibit antifungal and antimicrobial properties that can help fight any fungal infection, including that causing dandruff.

You Will Need

Aloe vera gel

What You Have To Do
  1. Massage some aloe vera gel into your scalp.
  2. Massage in circular motions, ensuring the gel is absorbed into the scalp.
  3. Wash off after 1 hour.
How Often You Should Do This

You can apply the gel at least 2 times a week.

5. Probiotics

Probiotic foods, such as yogurt, contain Lactobacillus paracasei that can help reduce dandruff . Research shows that Lactobacillus paracasei can help restore the normal balance of your scalp’s microbiome, thereby eliminating dandruff.

You Will Need

1 cup of probiotic yogurt

What You Have To Do

Consume a cup of probiotic yogurt.

How Often You Should Do This

Do this every day.

6. Lemongrass Oil

Lemongrass oil is rich in bioactive compounds that exhibit antifungal properties (13). This property can help combat Malassezia furfur, a type of yeast that can cause dandruff.

You Will Need

2-3 drops of lemongrass oil

What You Have To Do
  1. Add a few drops of lemongrass oil to your shampoo and massage generously into your scalp.
  2. Wash off thoroughly with plain water.
How Often You Should Do This

Wash your hair with lemongrass oil 2 times a week.

Note: The topical application of lemongrass oil can cause an allergic reaction in some people. You should do a patch test on your skin before trying this remedy.

7. Eucalyptus Oil

A scalp that has low levels of ceramide may be susceptible to dandruff. Eucalyptus oil is rich in bioactive compounds that can increase the ceramide content of your scalp, thereby reducing dandruff .

You Will Need
  • 2-3 drops of eucalyptus oil
  • 2-3 drops of coconut oil
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix a few drops of eucalyptus oil with coconut oil.
  2. Apply this mixture to your scalp and leave it on for 30-45 minutes.
  3. Wash off thoroughly with plain water.
How Often You Should Do This

You can follow this remedy 2-3 times a week.

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8. Garlic

The primary bioactive constituents of garlic are ajoene and allicin. Their antifungal properties may help alleviate the fungal infection that can cause dandruff.

You Will Need
  • A few cloves of garlic
  • ½ cup of olive oil
What You Have To Do
  1. Peel and crush the garlic cloves.
  2. Add the crushed garlic to a heated saucepan with olive oil.
  3. Heat the mixture for 5 minutes and strain.
  4. Allow it to cool down and apply it to your scalp.
  5. Leave it on for 30-45 minutes before rinsing with water.
How Often You Should Do This

You can apply this oil 2 times a week.

9.Neem Oil

Neem extracts are widely used to combat fungal infections. Their antifungal properties may help reduce flaking of skin and irritation.

You Will Need
  • 2-3 drops of neem oil
  • 2-3 drops of coconut oil
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix a few drops of neem oil with coconut oil.
  2. Massage the mixture into your scalp and leave it on for 30-45 minutes.
  3. Wash off thoroughly with plain water.
How Often You Should Do This

You can follow this remedy 2-3 times a week.

10. Baking Soda

Baking soda is commonly used as an antifungal agent. Hence, it may aid the treatment of dandruff.

You Will Need

2-3 tablespoons of baking soda

What You Have To Do
  1. Take a few tablespoons of baking soda and apply directly to wet hair.
  2. Leave it on for about 2 minutes and wash off thoroughly.
How Often You Should Do This

You can do this 2 times a week.

11. Lemon Juice

Lemon juice is known to be a rich source of citric acid. The natural pH of scalp is 5.5, and citric acid-based shampoos or agents can help keep the pH of your scalp balanced. This may, in turn, help reduce the appearance of dandruff on your scalp.

You Will Need
  • 2-3 tablespoons of freshly extracted lemon juice
  • Cotton ball
What You Have To Do
  1. Dab the lemon juice on a cotton ball and apply it to your scalp as a pre-shampoo treatment.
  2. Leave it on for about 5-10 minutes and wash off with a mild shampoo.
How Often You Should Do This

You can do this 2 times a week.

Note: Follow this remedy only if you are not allergic to lemon juice as it can cause a stinging sensation.

12. Green Tea

Research shows that green tea is rich in polyphenols and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) that exhibit an inhibitory effect on fungal infections. This may eliminate any infection that can give rise to dandruff.

You Will Need
  • 2-3 green tea bags
  • Warm water
What You Have To Do
  1. Soak 2-3 green tea bags in warm water and strain it after it cools down.
  2. Rinse your hair with this decoction and leave it in for about 10 minutes.
  3. Wash off with a mild shampoo.
How Often You Should Do This

You can do this 2 times a week for a couple of months.

13. Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar exhibits powerful antibacterial properties (20). This may help reduce any skin infection that can cause dandruff.

You Will Need
  • 1 tablespoon raw apple cider vinegar (ACV)
  • 3 tablespoons water
What You Have To Do
  1. Mix a tablespoon of raw apple cider vinegar with three tablespoons of water.
  2. Apply the solution to your scalp.
  3. Leave it on for a few minutes before washing it off with a shampoo.
How Often You Should Do This

You can do this 1-2 times a week.

Mentioned below are a few tips to prevent dandruff.

Prevention Tips

Dandruff is usually the direct result of dry scalp or skin. To prevent dandruff, you must:

  • Avoid washing your scalp very frequently as overusing commercially available shampoos can strip your scalp of natural moisture.
  • Use mild shampoos as harsh chemicals can disturb the pH of your scalp and cause dryness of scalp and skin.
  • Drink lots of water as this can keep you hydrated and help maintain the natural moisture balance of your skin and scalp.
  • Avoid using hair styling products, such as gels and sprays. These products cause build-ups and can aggravate dandruff.

Following these measures and natural remedies can help you control the issue. If you feel that dandruff persists, you must consult your dermatologist to determine the underlying skin condition and treat it.